Break it up, break it down: paragraphing strategies for academy essays - college-university
Some of us fill a page with a wall of words, with no item indentations, no transitions, and no noticeably distinct topic sentences. Some of us have the apt indentations, but inside each clause our sentences are out of order. Francis Christensen  devised a brilliant trick for paragraphing, one you can use at (and not before) the revising stage:
First, let's conceive of we are creating a combine of "outlines" for paragraphs about sitting room in the world.  Fill in the blanks for the two paragraphs below, by pretending each word or expression is a sentence, with the first word (1) the topic sentence:
. . . . . (2) COUNTRY___USA______ (2) COUNTRY____________
. . . . . . . . (3) CITY___San Francisco__ (3) CITY_____________
. . . . . . . . . . (4) STREET__Haight______ (4) STREET___________
. . . . . . . . . . . . . (5) BUSINESS_Amoeba Music_ (5) BUSINESS______
For this paragraph, we can see how each entry (sentence) refers back to (1), but is also a more detail citation to the place absolutely already it. So the chain is tight/orderly.
But what if we tried to put a different (2) next in this sequence, after the (5)? Would bringing in a different countryside in the city, on the street, and at the big business there work logically for our reader? Or would it throw our reader?
It would throw our reader.
So we need to start a new paragraph, a new (1), an ALSO/BESIDES/IN ADDITION. . . . For, this part is of the kind Christensen calls the Junior PARAGRAPH, and it must have an order and sub order of 1, 2, 3, 4, . . . . It cannot have 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, and it cannot have a 1, 5, 2, 3, 4 order.
***** SUBORDINATE paragraphs are good for effective stories, presentation a course (or how-to) order, or heartbreaking from broad-spectrum to detail descriptions. They are one of three types of paragraphs in the inscription world. *****
This brings us, then, to the next type of paragraphing. Fill in each of the blanks below with a phrase:
(1) What is truth?
(2) Truth is_____________________________________.
(2) It is________________________________________.
(2) It is________________________________________.
For this kind of paragraph, called a COORDINATE PARAGRAPH, each judgment that follows the topic sentence--the (1)--cooperates with the others to classify and redefine a term or terms. Once you accomplish your own statements essential truth, note how musical, poetic, or balanced (matching) the clause is for the reason that of the actual repetition.
***** COORDINATE paragraphs are good for--as you liable guessed--definitions, reinforcing denotation in a delivered point, and re-defining a topic. *****
This brings us to the last of the paragraphing types, called the MIXED PARAGRAPH. This includes all other commonsensical and reinforcing paragraphs that control a code of the Inferior and the COORDINATE, while it still keeps order. That is, for example, it can be a 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 5, pattern, but ought to not have a new 1 scared out of your wits in or an oddly sited judgment like a new 2 after the 3, 3, 3, part.
To explain and to try the numbering on before now in print paragraphs (if, for example, you draft first and then check order second), let's look at the following. Try to interpret the numbering arrangement in each:
___I am aware that only former times in Birmingham, Alabama, our children, crying out for brotherhood, were answered with fire hoses, snarling dogs and even death. ___I am aware that only former times in Philadelphia, Mississippi, young colonize in the hunt for to confident the right to vote were brutalized and murdered; and only the recent past more than 40 houses of worship in the State of Mississippi alone were bombed or burned for the reason that they obtainable a refuge to those who would not acknowledge segregation. ___I am careful that incapacitating and grinding poverty afflicts my colonize and chains them to the lowly rung of the cost-effective ladder. --from Dr. Martin Luther King's Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Dec. 10, 1964 
The above is a check out of a _____________________paragraph.
___There's nobody quite so risky as a parody movie. ___Some of them work out wonderfully, and examples like "Blazing Saddles" and "Airplane!" are two of the funniest movies ever made. ___On the other hand, from time to time you get examples like "High Instruct High," the new film starring Jon Lovitz and Tia Carrere. ___It's assumed to be a spoof of the "Dangerous Minds" type of movie, where a educationalist comes into an inner city high drill and changes the whole thing around. ___Lovitz plays a governess named Richard Clark -- get it, Dick Clark? -- who quits his job at a posh classified drill and takes a attitude at the worst communal high drill in the district, Marion Berry High. ___He meets the charming administrative assistant, played by Carrere, and the hard-nosed principal, played by Louise Fletcher. ___Yes, earlier Oscar-winner Louise Fletcher. Can you say, "tragic waste of talent"? I knew you could. . . . --from Alex Lau's Movie Magazine Global review, October, 1996
The above is a appraise of a _____________________paragraph.
___Technically, Carlito's Way is a amalgamation of the innovative and the banal. ___The camerawork is invigorating, if every now and then too exotic. ___DePalma makes good use of the steadicam at some point in the chase sequences, and this heightens doesn't matter what tension is present. ___Jellybean Benitez, a past DJ and club manager, is the music supervisor, and his amount of about a dozen mid-seventies hits helps to create the time-frame. ___Patrick Doyle's score, however, is horribly out-of-place. . . . --from James Berardinelli's Colossus review, 1993
The above is a example of a _____________________paragraph.
___Describing Tupac. . . . ___Shit, he was real. ___I'ma be real for a minute, as I can't illustrate a celebrity so real devoid of being real myself: [Tupac] was the whole thing and nothing. ___He was dreamful, hopeful, a leader, a rebel, a thug, a friend, a role model. ___Just all he did was, as Tupac once said, "a calculated step to bring me faster to my death. " ___He was the hip hop Jesus. --from Luis Camacho's journal entry, June 16, 2004
The above is a example of a _____________________paragraph.
What kind of item do you find A is? If you see it as a COORDINATE, you are certainly right!
How about B? Yep, a (well-written) SUBORDINATE.
My students are not speaking on C, with common consensus as it as also a COORDINATE, with each judgment after the first reinforcing the writer's topic condemnation or as a MIXED, with the final decree (a 3)---or?possible a new 1?
And part D? Looks like a rich MIX of details, doesn't it? And the journalist of D hadn't yet done this paragraphing experiment!
 Christensen, Francis. A Generative Idiom of the Paragraph. CCC 16 (October 1965).
 This part of the experimentation is a adapted adaptation of that used in Adjust Arrangement Beliefs courses skilled by Deborah Swanson at SFSU.
 All item samples taken from and/or customized for English 880, Skyline College, San Bruno, CA. Passage D is a preferred piece in black and white by a learner who has arranged his consent for my use of it here and elsewhere. RM.
N. H. -born prize-winning poet, creative reference writer, memoirist, and award-winning Assoc. Prof. of English, Roxanne is also web contented and self-employed writer/founder of http://www. roxannewrites. com, a assist site for academic, memoir, mental disability, and creative writers who need a nudge, a nod, or just ideas?of which Roxanne has 1,000s, so do stop in for a visit, as this decree can't perhaps get any longer??.
Coronavirus: Butler approaches Level 4 alert; DeWine issues college, university guidelines - WHIO Radio
Coronavirus: Butler approaches Level 4 alert; DeWine issues college, university guidelines WHIO Radio
Colleges are flimflamming college students and parents about reopening in the fall (opinion) - Inside Higher Ed
Colleges are flimflamming college students and parents about reopening in the fall (opinion) Inside Higher Ed
Dartmouth's retreat from athletic programs shows rising pandemic toll on college sports - Press Herald
Dartmouth's retreat from athletic programs shows rising pandemic toll on college sports Press Herald
Seaver College Announces Plans for Fall 2020 | Pepperdine University | Seaver College - Pepperdine University Newsroom
Seaver College Announces Plans for Fall 2020 | Pepperdine University | Seaver College Pepperdine University Newsroom
UW Trustees Education Initiative Brings Change to College of Education | News - University of Wyoming News
UW Trustees Education Initiative Brings Change to College of Education | News University of Wyoming News
International students may need to leave US if their universities transition to online-only learning - CNN
International students may need to leave US if their universities transition to online-only learning CNN
College governing boards must weigh in meaningfully on race Inside Higher Ed
How Paul Quinn College is pivoting during the coronavirus pandemic The Texas Tribune
Boston Conservatory at Berklee and Montclair State University Join Playbill Live to Talk College Theatre Auditions - Playbill.com
Boston Conservatory at Berklee and Montclair State University Join Playbill Live to Talk College Theatre Auditions Playbill.com
Students at California’s top-tier universities don’t reflect state’s racial and ethnic diversity, says Urban Institute study - EdSource
Students at California’s top-tier universities don’t reflect state’s racial and ethnic diversity, says Urban Institute study EdSource
Ivy League cancels fall sports programs Boston Business Journal
Sam and Janet Alley give $2 million to University of Arkansas talkbusiness.net
Trump says US will review universities’ tax-exempt status The Detroit News
Credit transfer agreement makes it easier to transfer from technical colleges to state's private institutions - wrcitytimes.com
Credit transfer agreement makes it easier to transfer from technical colleges to state's private institutions wrcitytimes.com
Colleges Plan to Reopen Campuses, but for Just Some Students at a Time The New York Times
Suspension of college, university transit pass agreements cost City of Hamilton $3.7M - Globalnews.ca
ICE tells foreign students to go home if their college meets online only - Chattanooga Times Free Press
ICE tells foreign students to go home if their college meets online only Chattanooga Times Free Press
Colleges Are Reopening in Fall, But Many Professors Won’t Be Present The New York Times
New Cohort Joins Veterinary Hospital Staff Purdue Veterinary News
University of Tennessee, Carson-Newman University, Maryville College respond to new student visa policy regarding online courses - WATE 6 On Your Side
University of Tennessee, Carson-Newman University, Maryville College respond to new student visa policy regarding online courses WATE 6 On Your Side
Are online colleges the future of education? SmartBrief
More locals earn college, university honors and degrees The San Diego Union-Tribune
What Would It Take to Reskill Entire Industries? Harvard Business Review
How Brands Can Maintain Relevance As Students Redefine Higher Learning 07/10/2020 - MediaPost Communications
How Brands Can Maintain Relevance As Students Redefine Higher Learning 07/10/2020 MediaPost Communications
Awards Ceremony Recognizes Outstanding PVM Staff Purdue Veterinary News
Best College/University nwitimes.com
Alley Gift Builds New Master of Science in Construction Management Program - University of Arkansas Newswire
Alley Gift Builds New Master of Science in Construction Management Program University of Arkansas Newswire
Foundations Unite to Support PVM Comparative Oncology Research Purdue Veterinary News
Taylor Brandt in Food Science Earns Homegrown by Heroes Scholarship - University of Arkansas Newswire
Taylor Brandt in Food Science Earns Homegrown by Heroes Scholarship University of Arkansas Newswire
Dean's Update | July 10 MSUToday
The Class of 2020 is getting a crash course in pivoting — changing their career outlook, delaying graduation — whatever it takes - CNBC
The Class of 2020 is getting a crash course in pivoting — changing their career outlook, delaying graduation — whatever it takes CNBC
California will sue Trump administration over decision to not allow foreign college students to take online-only courses - CNN
California will sue Trump administration over decision to not allow foreign college students to take online-only courses CNN
Dr. Andy Roark Headlines 2020 Purdue Veterinary Conference Purdue Veterinary News
The Ohio State University College of Engineering Launches First Coding Boot Camp in Partnership with 2U, Inc. - PRNewswire
The Ohio State University College of Engineering Launches First Coding Boot Camp in Partnership with 2U, Inc. PRNewswire
The George Floyd killing stirs rethinking of cops on college campuses Los Angeles Times
College Football Position U: Who Is Offense University? Bleacher Report
Another NC college takes a step to reject white supremacy The Progressive Pulse
Noah Pittman Promoted to Honors College Associate Dean University of Arkansas Newswire
Colorado colleges, universities scramble after Trump orders international students to leave if classes go online - The Colorado Sun
Colorado colleges, universities scramble after Trump orders international students to leave if classes go online The Colorado Sun
Thousands of International Students at the University of Maryland Could Be Sent Home - The Hyattsville Wire
Thousands of International Students at the University of Maryland Could Be Sent Home The Hyattsville Wire
College Football Position U: Who Is Defense University? Bleacher Report
San Jacinto College, University of Houston-Clear Lake further local nurses' careers through RN-to-BSN programs - Community Impact Newspaper
San Jacinto College, University of Houston-Clear Lake further local nurses' careers through RN-to-BSN programs Community Impact Newspaper
Korlin-Downs to Return for 2021 Season GopherSports.com
Waller to Receive Supply Chain Distinguished Service Award University of Arkansas Newswire
What are Maine colleges and universities' plans for this fall? mainebeacon.com
In person, online classes or a mix: Colleges' fall 2020 coronavirus reopening plans, detailed - USA TODAY
In person, online classes or a mix: Colleges' fall 2020 coronavirus reopening plans, detailed USA TODAY
‘We Could Be Feeling This for the Next Decade’: Virus Hits College Towns The New York Times
Working paper models COVID spread at university Inside Higher Ed
Lone Star College-University Park partners with the United Network for Collegiate Pantry Sharing to provide students food relief - Chron.com
Lone Star College-University Park partners with the United Network for Collegiate Pantry Sharing to provide students food relief Chron.com
Parker College of Business students meet virtually with potential employers | Newsroom - Georgia Southern University Newsroom
Parker College of Business students meet virtually with potential employers | Newsroom Georgia Southern University Newsroom
Update on fall semester plans amid virus Inside Higher Ed
The Big Ten is doing everything it can to play football this fall. And it still may not be enough - Detroit Free Press
The Big Ten is doing everything it can to play football this fall. And it still may not be enough Detroit Free Press
Michigan football's Jim Harbaugh says let's play ball: 'COVID is part of our society' - Detroit Free Press
Michigan football's Jim Harbaugh says let's play ball: 'COVID is part of our society' Detroit Free Press
Now is the time to complete your college degree! It's easier & more affordable than ever! - Yeshiva World News
Now is the time to complete your college degree! It's easier & more affordable than ever! Yeshiva World News
First COVID-19 Case Reported at UW | News University of Wyoming News
Public research universities and some regional state colleges had decent admissions years - Inside Higher Ed
Public research universities and some regional state colleges had decent admissions years Inside Higher Ed
Hendrix Welcomes New Faculty for 2020-2021 Hendrix College Events and News
Jacksonville college, university professors send letter to mayor suggest changes to policing - FirstCoastNews.com WTLV-WJXX
Jacksonville college, university professors send letter to mayor suggest changes to policing FirstCoastNews.com WTLV-WJXX
Trieu: Josh Gattis' perseverance could pay off in Michigan's pursuit of Xavier Worthy - The Detroit News
Trieu: Josh Gattis' perseverance could pay off in Michigan's pursuit of Xavier Worthy The Detroit News
Grand Rapids standout Kobe Bufkin commits to Michigan's 2021 class The Detroit News
Department of Communication Welcomes New Faculty | University of Arkansas - University of Arkansas Newswire
Department of Communication Welcomes New Faculty | University of Arkansas University of Arkansas Newswire
Michigan athletics reports two more COVID-19 cases; total up to 4 out of 514 tests - Detroit Free Press
Michigan athletics reports two more COVID-19 cases; total up to 4 out of 514 tests Detroit Free Press
Cornell students join with other universities to ask state and federal government for COVID-19 student aid - The Ithaca Voice
Cornell students join with other universities to ask state and federal government for COVID-19 student aid The Ithaca Voice
Inslee: What Washington universities, colleges must do to open in person for fall quarter - Seattle Times
Inslee: What Washington universities, colleges must do to open in person for fall quarter Seattle Times
6 snapshots of how colleges and universities plan to reopen safely | University Business
How financially viable are Massachusetts’ public colleges and universities amid COVID-19? - MassLive.com
How financially viable are Massachusetts’ public colleges and universities amid COVID-19? MassLive.com
Coronavirus Updates: Rajasthan govt cancels college,..exams as total cases climb to 20,164, toll reaches 456 - Firstpost
Coronavirus Updates: Rajasthan govt cancels college,..exams as total cases climb to 20,164, toll reaches 456 Firstpost
Cambridge University college that produced 'reputation-laundering paper for Huawei' banked £155,000 - Daily Mail
Cambridge University college that produced 'reputation-laundering paper for Huawei' banked £155,000 Daily Mail
College football news: Big ten goes conference only | University Business
Karnataka to conduct final semester exams; intermediate semester students to be promoted - India TV News
Karnataka to conduct final semester exams; intermediate semester students to be promoted India TV News
For-Profit Colleges, Long Troubled, See Surge Amid Pandemic The New York Times
Simulations of college classrooms in the fall don't bode well Inside Higher Ed
Well, I at last complete my 1st semester of seminary and I think I did actually well. I am pursuing a gradation in Criminal Justice, maybe with a minor in psychology.
Distance Knowledge and Aloofness Education Online
Distance education has befall enormously appealing and commonly attended for the reason that of the many enlightening options it offers all the way through an edifying configure that caters to students who command flexibility in pursuing a degree. If you have categorical that you need to jump-start your flagging career, want to alteration careers, or reach elevated for an culture that can add to your earning potential, then a detachment culture online instruct is for you!Anything from the customary apprentice and adjust degrees to certificates, diplomas and other guarantee is accessible in the wide world of aloofness learning.
Oustanding Affair Professors at WVU, Part 1
Paula Bone is a marketing professor who teaches "Consumer Behavior" and "Marketing Strategy" at West Virginia University's Academy of Commerce and Economics. Course full with lots of guess can be frightening for students who are used to answers being "black" and "white," but Dr.
The Pros and Cons of an Online School Degree
Getting a school grade online seemingly appears to be a very handy way to gain advance instruction exclusive of having to difficulty your home life. An easier way to attain an edge in the running world is by receiving that online school grade that you've all the time wanted, devoid of having to leave the comfort of your own home.
Write Your Way Into Academia - The Delicate Statement
The Get Into Uni not public assertion journalism guide contains systematic commands on the techniques to help become more intense the odds of your application, conversely this clause contains a short abstract to characters your way into university. For most aptitude students there are some clear reasons why they wish to board on university.
Online Seminary Programs - How to Apply
The first step to being paid your online gradation is to apply to colleges. Do research a number of colleges contribution the grade course you need.
Need Money for College?
Finding money for academy can be a challenge for many students and their families. While reduction in build up is the best choice, many times discount money for seminary is not easy for families.
Distance Learning: Balancing Your Edification and Busy Lifestyle
Distance Erudition is a priority for most who have previously set their lives out in one way or a further in that their responsibilities have been laid out, and in quite a few cases, would not allow for consistent Seminary schedules. This is taken into consequence when looking for a place to study, and this shouldn't mean below par education.
Online Culture Has The Power To Transform Lives And Accomplish Dreams
Online culture is a dramatic change in the development of detach learning. A century ago, a character lacking admittance to a educate or instruction curriculum could from time to time get the in rank that they beloved by means of a correspondence course.
Distance Learning, Online Education, Electronic Education, Electronic Learning?Call It What You Want
Whatever you want to label "learning at home" and nevertheless you want to delimit the most up-to-date buzz words for non-traditional education, you can find a course and fashion that suits your needs. Right now over 1.
How to eMail Your Professor
So its 12:30 Pm and there you are at the central processing unit frustrating to refresh the email inbox page. The big test is tomorrow and your Professor still hasn't replied back, but why? Converse to all the rage belief, that your Professor wants you to fail, the challenge could stem from the fact that your email never reached him/her.
An Online Extent Has Never Been Easier to Obtain
Online learning is steadily in advance acceptance in the college world and more ancestors than ever are carrying out courses online, operational for a degree. Online culture at the elevated level is no longer looked down on by the rest of the educational world and more colleges and universities are gift online programs every day.
Free Money For College
What if a celebrity came up to you and existing you $5000 to apply your mind college? Or after college, what if a big cheese called you and asked if you sought a connect thousand dollars to pay off some learner loans? The apparent fulfil is, "Where do I sign up?" But, the truth is that there are hundreds of ways for you to be given free money for institution today - you just need to know where to look.Search For "Free" Money FirstWith the surfacing of the internet, conclusion places, companies, and procedures that offer free money for seminary has never been as easy.
Parents: Take the SAT Challenge!
I keep a box of tissues on the table where I tutor because, as an SAT tutor and academy claim consultant, I eavesdrop to high educate juniors and seniors who are so overwhelmed by seminary anxiety that they begin to cry. Not just girls.
All About Grants for Institution Students
Grants are a type of learner aid that is awarded by the government. Grants for school students do not have to be repaid.
Who Be supposed to Earn an Online Accomplice Degree?
An online acquaintance extent is a two-year all-purpose studies amount that is obtained completely over the Internet. This type of amount is complete for those those who wish to begin their academy career or who wish to be over their two year grade already enduring on to achieve their bachelor's or master's degree.
How to Give By hand a Raise with an Online Seminary Degree
There are many ancestors today from all walks of life who are receiving an online institution extent from home. Cash for dollar, an online academy amount or post accommodate work pays off.
Student Moans and the Quarterlife Crisis
It's that time of year again when international issues take agree with place in the British media, to make space for the great 'A' level debate. Packed with case studies of "Laura achieved nine A grades and was still cast off from her first choice", you have to admiration how long students can be adamant the will to study.
Financial Aid for Online Education
You've made the certitude to pursue your grade online and you've been conventional to an online program. Now what do you do? The next step in realizing your dream is to assure the funds desirable for your education.
Getting Into Institution No Longer A Records Game!
Sending your kids to seminary has never been more challenging or more expensive, and outstanding grades no longer assurance admission! Apprentice antagonism is at an all-time high and families now face the toughest admissions committees in history, tall instruction costs, and a fiscal aid classification intended to eliminate all but the most clued-up and persistent applicants.America is knee deep in an unsung elevated learning disaster that is heartwarming families from all walks of life.
|home | site map|
|goldenarticles.net © 2020|